이스라엘 국가혁신시스템 벤치마킹
SCIENTIFIC PROBLEMS OF MACHINES OPERA
National innovation systems creation – evidence from Israel
The concept of national innovation systems (NIS) appears to be an attractive idea on the
grounds of policymaking, as it is expected to provide straightforward measures to boost a state’s competitive advantage. This paper presents Israel’s system of innovation with the main trends of its development, as well as key agents and linkages which shape their relationships. The study forms the basis for a question of NIS transferability and adaptability, and it demonstrates considerable limitations of the NIS emulation in different environments and economic settings, pointing to the evolutionary and country-specific characteristics of the innovation system. The unit of the analysis has been chosen due to the outstanding achievements of Israel in the field of innovation, strongly embedded in the unique attributes of the state, hence, being a particularly illustrative case for the study.
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