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2014 Global R&D Funding Forecast

분류 정책동향 > 미국
출처 Battelle 조회 3928
자료발간일 2014-01-24 등록일 2014-01-24
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2014_global_rd_funding_forecast.pdf(3128.843 KB)

내용바로가기 https://www.globalinnovationindex.org/gii-blog/2014-global-r-and-d-funding-forecast--b106
평점 평점이 없습니다.
2014 세계 R & D 자금 예측
 
○ U.S. R&D investment up one percent to $465 billion
○ Historic U.S. commitment to research intensity expected to remain firm
○ Economic growth continues to propel Asian R&D spending
○ China’s R&D spending could surpass U.S. by early 2020’s
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 
“Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known,” said astronomer Carl Sagan, who succinctly captured the essence of what it means to be a researcher.

That wide-eyed sense that anything is possible through research and development-that we can help solve some of the most critical challenges by increasing our knowledge and understanding of the world-that’s the essence of a researcher’s calling.

But innovation is improbable without proper funding, so we project how political developments and economic conditions around the globe will affect R&D support in 2014. This forecast is for policymakers and researchers alike because of the multiplier effect R&D investment can have, both in economic and cultural terms. There is an important relationship between
economic growth and research and development, between industry creation and political stability, and between the nurturing of research and sowing the seeds of a middle class in developing nations.

While R&D funding isn’t the sole indicator of how a nation, region or industry will perform, it certainly is a fundamental consideration among other factors like science, technology, engineering and mathematics education levels, capital markets, healthcare, infrastructure, property rights and immigration policy.

Each section of this report forecasts research and development levels for 2014, closely examining the expected funding for a region or industry. There are many important projections and key findings for each country and industry under discussion.

Among the most far-reaching projections for 2014 are the following:
 
U.S. tops the list, but China is closing in:

? The ranking of the top ten countries as measured by R&D spending isn’t expected to in 2014, with the U.S. reprising
   its role as the dominant force in global research across numerous industries.
? U.S. federal spending on R&D, a large contributor to R&D momentum in the U.S., is in turmoil because of enormous
   pressures to pare federal spending, especially defense and aerospace budgets.
? The growth in China’s R&D budgets will far outpace those of the U.S., which has resumed modest growth that is expected to
   be relatively stable through 2020.
? At the current rates of growth and investment, China’s total funding of R&D is expected to surpass that of the U.S. by about
   2022.
 
 
 
....(계속)
 
 
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관련기사
정책동향 2012 Global R&D FunDinG FoReCAST 2012-01-10
정책동향 2010 Global R&D Funding Forecast: An Overview 2010-02-04
정책동향 2009 Global R&D Funding Forecast 2009-01-30